Recommended Reading  

Aikin, W. A. (2001). The Voice: An Introduction to Practical Phonology.

Akira, N., & Nakanishi, A. (1990). Writing Systems of the World: Alphabets, Syllabaries, Pictograms.

Archangeli, D., & Langedoen, D. T. (1997). Optimality Theory : An Overview. Blackwell Publisher.

Botinis, A. (2000). Text, Speech and Language Technology: Intonation - Analysis, Modelling and Technology (Vol. 15). Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Broe, M. B., Pierrehumbert, J. B., & Pierrehumbert, J. (2000). Papers in Laboratory Phonology V: Language Acquisition and the Lexicon. Cambridge University Press.

Bybee, J. (2001). Phonology and Language Use (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics, No. 94).

Comrie, B. (1990). The World's Major Languages. Oxford University Press.

Comrie, B., Mattthews, S., & Polinsky, M. (1996). The Atlas of Languages : The Origin and Development of Languages Throughout the World. Checkmark Books.

Coulmas, F. (1999). The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Writing Systems. Blackwell Publishers.

Dalby, A. (1999). Dictionary of Languages. Columbia University Press.

Dekkers, J., Leeuw, F. van der, & Weijer, J. van de. (2001). Optimality Theory : Phonology, Syntax and Acquisition. Oxford University Press.

Docherty, G., & Ladd, D. R. (1992). Papers in Laboratory Phonology II : Gesture, Segment, Prosody. Cambridge University Press.

Duanmu, S. (2000). The Phonology of Standard Chinese. Oxford University Press.

Durand, J., Laks, B., & Levitt, M. (2002). Phonetics, Phonology, and Cognition. Oxford University Press.

Ewen, C. J., Hulst, H. van der. (2001). The Phonological Structure of Words : An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.

Flemming, E. (2001). Auditory Representations in Phonology.

Fox, A. (2000). Prosodic Features and Prosodic Structure : The Phonology of Suprasegmentals. Oxford University Press.

Gerlach, B., & Grijzenhout, J. (2000). Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today: Clitics in Phonology, Morphology and Syntax (No. 36).

Goldsmith, J. A. (1999). Phonological Theory : The Essential Readings.

Grimes, B. F. (2000). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (Vol. 4). Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Grimes, B. F. (2000). Ethnologue--CD-ROM. Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Grimes, B. F., & Grimes, J. E. (2000). Ethnologue CD: Languages of the World (4th ed.).

Grimes. B. F. (2000). Ethnologue: Maps and Indexes (Vol. 2). Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Gussmann, E. (2002). Phonology : Analysis and Theory.

Handke, J. (2001). The Mouton Interacitive Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology.

Hume, E. V. (2001). The Role of Speech Perception in Phonology.

International Phonetic Association. (1999). Handbook of the International Phoenetic Association : A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge University Press.

Kager, R. (1999). Optimality Theory. .Cambridge University Press.

Katzner, K. (1995). The Languages of the World. .Routledge Publisher.

Kingston, J. A., Beckman, M. E., & Kingston, J. C. (1990). Papers in Laboratory Phonology. Cambridge University Press.

Kirstoffersen, G. (2000). The Phonology of Norwegian. Oxford University Press.

Kreidler, C. W. (2001). Phonology : Critical Concepts in Linguistics (Vols. 6). Routledge

Ladefoged, P. (2000). Vowels and Consonants : An Introduction to the Sounds of Languages.

Liberman, A., Trubetskoi, N. S. (2001). N. S. Trubetzkoy : Studies in General Linguistics and Language Structure. Duke University Press.

Lombardi, L. (2001). Segmental Phonology in Optimality Theory : Constraints and Representations. Cambridge University Press.

Major, R. C. (2001). Foreign Accent : The Ontogeny and Phylogeny of Second Language Phonology.

Moren, B. (2001). Distinctiveness, Coercion and Sonority: A Unified Theory of Weight.

Pedersen, H. (1983). A Glance at the History of Linguistics: With Particular Regard to the Historical Study of Phonology. .John Benjamins Publisher.

Pulleyblank, D. G., & Archangeli, D. B. (1994). Grounded Phonology. MIT Press.

Roach, P. (2001). English Phonetics and Phonology : A Practical Course/Student's Edition.

Roca, I., & Johnson, W. (1999). A Workbook in Phonology. .Blackwell Publisher.

Roca, I., Johnson, W., & Roca, A. (1999). A Course in Phonology.

Ruhlen, M. (1991). A Guide to the World's Languages: Classification (Vol. 1). Stanford University Press.

Siptar, P., & Torkenczy, M. (2000). The Phonology of Hungarian. Oxford University Press.

Small, L. H. (1998). Fundamentals of Phonetics: A Practical Guide for Students.

Stemberger, J. P., & Bernhardt, B. H. (1997). Handbook of Phonological Development : From the Perspective of Constraint-Based Nonlinear Phonology. Academic Press.

Trask, R. L. (1995). A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. .Routledge Publisher.

Whitman, J. B. (2001). The Phonological Basis for the Comparison of Japanese and Korean. University of Michigan Center.

Wiese, R. (2000). The Phonology of German. Oxford University Press.

Xu, D. B. (2000). Chinese Phonology in Generative Grammar. Academic Press.




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***Goldsmith, John A. Ed. 1995. The Handbook of Phonological Theory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

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**Halle, Morris & G. N. Clements. 1983. Problem Book in Phonology. MIT Press: Cambridge.

**Kelly, John & John Local. 1989. Doing Phonology: Observing, Recording, Interpreting. Manchester University Press: St. Martin.

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