International Phonetic (H.K.) Association
Sound Reading - The International Phonemic Alphabet
English language uses 44 phonemes or speech sounds to make up all words - spoken or written. Speech is translated into print by assigning letter(s) to phonemes. Current research clearly shows that knowing how to translate between phonemes and print is essential to reading and spelling.
Working from this research, we developed the foundation for the Sound Reading auditory activities that promote reading and spelling.
Alphabet of 44 characters designed by Sir James Pitman to help children learn to read English more effectively. The Initial Teaching Alphabet is based on the phonemic (sound) system of English and uses the Roman alphabet, augmented by 14 additional characters, to represent each distinct sound with a separate symbol. It evolved from the "phonotype" of Sir Isaac Pitman (grandfather of Sir James) and the "Nue Speling" of the Simplified Spelling Society of Great Britain. The Initial Teaching Alphabet adheres closely to traditional orthography but contains lowercase characters only; it retains certain conventions of English spelling, such as c and k to represent the same sound and double consonants. The Initial Teaching Alphabet was adopted on an experimental basis in some schools in England (beginning in 1960)