This Institute was established in the fall of 1969, and up to now it has a history of thirty-eight years. The Institute was first established as a Graduate Institute of Western Language. As the discipline developed in Taiwan , qualified theoretical or applies linguists were needed. In 1972 the institute was renamed the Graduate Institute of Linguistics. Up to date there have been over two hundred and fourteen graduates. Most are engaged in language teaching or pursuing a doctoral degree abroad.

The first director of the institute was Professor Franz Giet. He was succeeded by Professor Hsu Hong-kun (Joseph H. Hsu) in 1979. Professor Fu Yi-chin chaired the institute in 1983. After he retired in 1992, Professor Liu Hsiao-mei served as director. In 1998, Professor Hsu Hong-kun became the director. When Professor Hsu retired, Professor Hong Zhen-yao served as acting director. Then Professor Liu Hsiao-mei began serving as director again in the fall semester of 2000. Bro. Nicholas Koss was serving as acting director in the fall semester of 2001.  Professor Yung-Yu Chen was serving as the director from 2002 fall to 2009 spring. Now Professor Emmie Zhi-Xuan Lee is serving as director.