Claus Emmeche (born 1956 in Copenhagen, Danish citizen) is a theoretical biologist, Ph.D., associate professor and head of the Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies (the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen).
Studied biology from 1975 at the University of Copenhagen, got a B.A. in sociology in 1982, graduated in 1984 with a Masters in evolutionary ecology. From 1985 to 1990 he was a Research Fellow at the Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Copenhagen. His Ph.D. thesis from 1989 deals with the concept of biological information and its role in the foundation of theoretical biology. From 1991 to 1992 lecturer and researcher at the Institute of Computer and Systems Science at Copenhagen Business School. Research fellow at the Center of Cognitive Informatics at the University of Roskilde 1993. Post-doc fellow at Niels Bohr Institute 1994 to 1996, and Associate Processor there from 1997. He has taught courses in philosophy of biology at the University of Copenhagen and is now running af comprehensive course in the philosophy of nature for science students. His current research interests include theoretical biology, philosophy of nature, artificial life and biosemiotics.