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Chapter8    Language and Cognition

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In this chapter, we can know that the understanding of the word-object relationship is also dependent on certain cognitive and analytic skills these ways to understand the sentences are.  Animals can organize the sensory world by a process of categorization.  And in humans this process of categorization becomes "naming", the ability to assign a name to a category.  The meaning-bearing elements of language stand for the act of categorization not for specific objects.  It means that the same thing may be expressed in different words.  The main point of this chapter is that the basic cognitive mechanisms of semantics are processes of categorization.